Mummification Process

One of the most important ancient Egyptian beliefs was that the human body needed to preserved. This is the main reason why Ancient Egyptians used mummification. Mummification actually is a method of artificial preservation, being quite a complicated process that lasted no less than 70 days.

The body of a person, sometimes even an animal, was preserved after death. These persons were turned into mummies. Mummies were Egyptians whose bodies were preserved by their families. Not all Egyptians could afford to pay for this expensive and complex process. Preserving the body for the afterlife is something that only some Egyptians could afford doing. However, all Egyptians believed in life after death.

According to them, the soul would make a journey after death to another world. In this other world, the dead would need all types of things they used when they were alive. This is the main reason why Egyptians were buried with all kind of objects into their graves, including money.


The process of mummification is quite complex and it takes a lot of time. It is commonly believed that it took about 70 days to be completed. There are several steps to mummification that have to be mentioned:

For starters, the body is washed and purified.
Then, all the organs have to be removed.
The only organ that is left in the body is the heart.
The next step to the process of mummification is filling the body with stuffing.
Then, the body was dried with the use of a substance known as natron.
About 40 to 50 days after the stuffing was removed, it was replaced with linen or sawdust.
When this process was completed, the body was wrapped in strands of linen. Then, it was covered with a sheet.

The process of mummification was over when the body was placed in a stone coffin. This coffin is commonly known as sarcophagus.

Ancient Egyptians believed that the heart was the center of intelligence and emotion. This is why this organ was left in the body during the process of mummification. All the other organs, including the brain, were removed from the body. For instance, the brain was extracted through the nose. The chest was opened for all the vital organs to be removed.

Ancient Egyptians were commonly buried with their personal belongings into the tomb. These objects included games, food, but even furniture. As already mentioned, not all Egyptians could afford mummification. Poor people were buried in the sand. It is safe to say that mummification was a process reserved to the richest and most powerful people in Ancient Egypt. It was a complex process and an expensive one that lasted more than two months.