Pyramids is Egypt

The entire country is replete with priceless heritage of ancient Egypt. Pyramids is Egypt calling card, they are more than a hundred here with variety of shapes and sizes. These “miracles of the world” in the times of pharaohs represented the entire complex of giant temple buildings, adorned with magnificent statues, obelisks, a sphinx, bas-reliefs and wall paintings.

The ensemble of the great pyramids of Giza, which consists of three highest in the Egyptian pyramids. The most important and famous of them is the Pyramid of Cheops (the construction completed about 2590 BC). The second largest pyramid - Hefrena built 40 years later than the first one. Outwardly, it seems that it is even bigger than the pyramid of Cheops, but actually it’s a bit less. Complete the ensemble Mikerina pyramid. Near them there is a complex of several smaller pyramids, where wives of Pharaohs were buried, as well as the tombs of priests and major officials. A great number of people issued egypt visa to travel to this country to see all their eyes.

The Great Sphinx, harvested as the most colossal statues of Giza, from a cliff. It is believed that the Sphinx was built during the construction of the pyramid Hefrena, and his face (almost destroyed by mamlyks and Napoleonic artillery kernels) are features of this Pharaoh, his brother and heir of Cheops. Every evening at the foot of the Pyramids passes colorful presentation called “Sound and Light.”

SACCAR is a necropolis of Memphis, first capital of Egypt. There are dozens of smaller tombs, the pyramids and temples. This place made famous unique step pyramid Dzhoser, the most ancient of the Egyptian pyramids. Unfortunately there is nothing left of Memphis that prosperous for three millennia. But it is still worthy come here. If only to see the 20-meter statue of Ramses II in a specially built pavilion for it, or to see the local sphinx that seems tiny compared with the colossus of Giza, or simply to visit the place where began this great civilization.

Cairo is the biggest city of the African continent, the city of “a thousand minarets”, “East Gate”. At different periods of its history the city was two high-profile name: El Kahira (winner), and Umm al-Dundzha (Mother of the World). Among the ancient Egyptians there is the legend that this is THE place where the battle took place between the brothers-gods Chorus and Set. Modern Cairo is a “city that never sleeps”, one of the most friendly, safe and secure cities in Africa. In addition this is a city of hundreds and hundreds of architectural monuments, museums and other attractions: there is the famous Citadel Salladina district of “Old Cairo”, openwork minarets of the mosque of Mohammed Ali Mosque, or Sultan Kalauna, a giant aqueduct from the Nile to the Citadel, Tower of Beit al - Sennar, and the oldest building of the Arab Al-Azhar University, a unique Egyptian museum, the nearby temples of Luxor and Karnak.

The Egyptian Museum (often called simply the Cairo Museum) is the main global repository of Egyptian antiquities, probably unique in the world of art and historical collection, where even the young exponent are exhibits about 2 thousand years.

Jewelry and papyrus factory, perfume museum with millions of enchanting scents, as well as the Alabaster mosque, which is accessible even to non-Muslims is an excellent facility for tours.

Handicraft Bazaar Khan el-Khalili is the biggest bazaar in the East, an area of 5 sq.km. Here you can buy almost everything, even the slave, but above all - here you can immerse yourself in the head to the eastern exoticism with its unimaginable mess and diversity.

The temples at Abu Simbel.
Ramses II ordered to build this great temple to celebrate his victory over the Hittites. Were made four large statues, in which he played himself looking with a smile into the dessert. Each of the colossus are height about 20 meters, surrounded by numerous smaller pieces, depicting members of his extended family and children whom he had more than 200.

Luxor is a small city on the right bank of the Nile. Long time ago here was the famous capital of ancient Egypt which the Egyptians called as Uaset, Greece - Thebes, and the Arabs - Al-Uksur (palaces). In the world there is no other city where it would be such a huge amount of concentrated ancient monuments, almost each third of all the historical relics is the World Center for Archeology. The old buildings on the right bank of the Nile called the “City of Living”, here people lived, and on the left - “City of the Dead, here are the royal residence and a huge necropolis, funerary temples and tombs located in the amphitheater of rocks, over which rises Dehenet — West Peak (now Qurnah).

Aswan Dam (Saddam al-Ali).
This is a unique huge construction 111 meters height, 3.8 km length and 1 km wight is often called as “pyramid of twentieth century.” The dam has created a huge reservoir, one of the largest artificial lakes in the world

Faros (Alexandria) lighthouse, the light which was visible at a distance of 30 miles from the coast is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It was destroyed in the XIV century by a strong earthquake. In the same spot where it once raised, in the XV century Sultan Ashraf has built a strong castle with round towers and overlooking to the sea loopholes - Fort Kite Bay.

The ancient catacombs of Kom ash-Shavkafa (I-II century AD) located in three floors (two bottom covered by water), the largest underground burial in Egypt, in which we could see elements of Egyptian, Greek and Roman styles.

Valley of mummies is a necropolis, accidentally discovered in 1997 in Bahari oasis in the Egyptian Western Desert. There are 11 well-kept mummies which has about 1800 years.

Mount Sinai (Mount of Law, Gabala Musa, or Mount of Moses) is 2285 meters hight. At the top of the mountain, according to saga, God handed to Moses the stone tablets of faith with the famous Ten Commandments. At the top there are two paths: one is short, but steep, and another more gentle, but longer. Not far from the top, where the chapel of the monastery of St. Catherine, they are connected and here starts cut from the rock by monks the staircase of 3400 steps, which is necessary to pilgrims (you can do it riding a camel, but this company is not for the faint-hearted). Every night dozens of pilgrims from around the world rise up from the monastery on the Mount of Moses, to meet the sunrise.