Addition of Ancient Egyptian Art (4 millennium BC)

In these images the artist painted items not from life, not as he saw them at some point of time to his certain point of view, but reproducing the most important attributes of each known to him an animal or an object, first of all depicting what was the main theme for that scene - their arms and hands for battle and hunting or legs for running or dancing. Showing of the correct proportions of the figures had no matter, the relationship of the acting people as well were very primitive, so the central role of priestesses or goddesses simply expressing with the size of its shape.

Gradually the monuments were began to indicate a change in artistic demands that emerge from the new stage of development of society, culture and worldview. Images were showed clearer, more often observed proportions, compositions became more organized. As the examples of a new Phase in the development of art were the relief images of the battles between the communities, which led to the formation of large associations in the southern and northern Egypt. A characteristic feature of these reliefs was to provide the role of the leader: he was depicted as a lion or bull, who devoured enemies.

In these monuments have already began to show a specific selection of images and techniques, which then were repeated in similar products and than became required. This contributed to the cult-official nature of such monuments, intended to perpetuate the won and at the same time to consolidate the victory of religious rites.

The gradual strengthening of such selection were made, along with the emergence and development of new subjects and new artistic means was the most important feature of the next stage of development of Egyptian art. In general process of formation of class society and a the process of establishment of united slave-state, the art faced other challenges of his role in the new social order, as well as the role of religion, belief that the selection of sites and objects of worship, a ritual and interpretation of myths has became ideological weapons of the top slave-State and its chief - Pharaoh. The arts also has passed this way, and from that time was aimed primarily to establish glorifying monuments to the kings and noblemen of slave despotism. This piece of architecture had its own purpose and were performed on certain rules. Exactly this kind of work was contributed to the canons as described above.

The first monument was a slate of Pharaoh Narmera (height 64 cm) showed the exist of new art forms, made in memory of the victory of southern Egypt on the north and union of the Nile Valley in one single state. There were five scenes from both side of stela, four of which tells about the victory of the king of the South over the northerners. The king in the crown of southern Egypt, killed Northerner king, below were shown the fleeing northerners, on the other side on the top was a celebration of the victory: the king in the crown of defeated North king went take to look at the decapitated corpses of the enemies, and at the bottom was the king in the form of a bull destroying enemy’s stronghold, and an average of that part showed the symbolic cult scene of ambiguous content.

The monument had new features. Each scene was a complete at whole and at the same time was a part of the overall design of the monument. The main features of the future rules for the plate to Narmera were already available, and it was clear the way they added. On one hand, it reflected the new conquests on the way to a higher skill of picturing the reality: the proportions of the figures is almost correct, showed muscles, social status of each person clearly described the difference of garments , hats and attributes.  <<<